National inventory of greenhouse gas emissions
In line with its international commitments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), including enhancing the transparency of actions to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, Morocco has set up, since 2015, a National System of Inventory of GHG called “SNI-GES”.
With the support of the Climate Change Competence Center project (4C/IKI) of the GIZ, implemented in partnership with the Ministry of Energy, Mines and Environment, the implementation of the SNI-GES concerned two main components. On the one hand, it concerns the institutionalization aspects by supporting national actors to establish institutional arrangements formalized by a decree, and on the other hand, strengthening the capacities of the various stakeholders to equip them with technical instruments and methodological tools in order to ensure the quality and sustainability of the system put in place.
The implemented system plays a key role in the transparency of the implementation of national commitments vis-à-vis the international community and is a valuable tool for steering national policies in terms of reducing GHG emissions.
To capitalize on past experiences, a diagnosis of the work of the national GHG inventory was conducted in 2014 and served as a basis for the design of the SNI-GHG architecture and the actors to be involved. The agreed institutional scheme includes a National Inventory Commission (CNI), a National Inventory Unit (UNI), a National Coordinator, five sectoral coordinators, inventory technicians and Focal Points. This scheme was agreed following a broad process of consultation with the various stakeholders. A Decree (No. 2.18.74) defining the responsibilities of the actors has been adopted and published in the Moroccan Official Bulletin.
Regional data and indicators
The regional indicators were developed as part of the Monitoring and Evaluation System (SSE) for Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change (ACC) in the Souss-Massa, Marrakech-Tensift-Al Haouz and Beni Mellal Khenifra regions. This collection is the summary of a consultation work carried out between the Regional Observatories of the Environment and Sustainable Development (OREDD) of the mentioned regions and the GIZ's Environmental Climate Governance (GEC) project.
Definition, methodology and indicators building process
An indicator is a variable, a data whose values are significant in relation to the issue being addressed. Indeed, the indicator makes it possible to translate a reality or a generally rather complex state into a succinct and easily understandable information that the end user can integrate into his activity. To do this, it is necessary to take into account two inseparable aspects:
The first aspect consists in selecting the indicator according to a concerted approach based on clear and objective criteria;
The second aspect is the interpretation of the indicator and the communication of the resulting information in a suitable format that meets the information needs expressed by the end user.
The main purpose of the indicators is to provide a diagnostic of elements of vulnerability at the regional level which would serve as a reference in relation to changes over time and, secondly, to make comparisons and to measure the possible evolutions.
The indicators contained in this section are the result of a consultation process that took place in the following phases:
Filling in the final grid and establishing the reference state
Identification and prioritization, based on clear and agreed criteria, of the indicators and constitution of a preliminary grid
Elaboration of the methodology of monitoring
Finalization and validation of the indicators grid
For each of the regions mentioned in the presentation, you will find a fact sheet listing the relevant indicators in the fields of water, agriculture, forestry and biodiversity as well as other interesting data for the analysis of the sustainable development factors in the studied regions.
Climate change in the regions
Regional Information System on the Environment and Sustainable Development (SIREDD)
In a concern to decentralize management of environmental information and in order to meet the needs of regional and local decision-makers, the Moroccan economic regions need an efficient system to collect, analyze and manage environmental data. In this context that the department in charge of the Environment is committed to the establishment of a Regional Information System on the Environment and Sustainable Development (SIREDD). The overall goal is to have a decision support and a strategic policy monitoring tool for environmental management and protection and sustainable development at the regional level.
The specific objectives are:
Represent the environmental situation of the region
Facilitate and boost the flow of information between regional partners (network)
Arrange and have an environmental dashboard for monitoring the state of the environment at the regional level based on a list of environmental indicator
Strengthen the capacities of regional actors
Strengthen the environmental outlook with the tools of future projection of the state of the environment
Set up a platform for the production and regular dissemination of environmental products of the Regional Observatory for the Environment and Sustainable Development of the region
Regional Information System on the Environment and Sustainable Development (SIREDD) is realised in consultation with regional partners and offers a transparent data sharing framework open to citizens. It allows the management of the three forms of alphanumeric, geographic and documentary information in the same structured database. It offers the following services:
Adding new themes (climate change) and indicators
Setting up geographic layers
Creation of new services (applications, queries, analyzes)
Attribute and spatial search
Comparative, thematic and spatio-temporal analysis
While waiting for the SIREDD to go online, you will find following the links below, a documentation on climate change in the regions prepared by the Regional Observatories of the Environment and Sustainable Development: