CLIMATE CHANGE IN AFRICA
The Earth's climate has always changed, but because of human activities, it is now changing faster than it has been for thousands of years. That's what scientists and politicians refer to when they talk about climate change today. This climate change is a reality, and for a long time, it will affect all of our lives and in almost all areas of society, from our health and nutrition to the market sector and national economies.
Climate change threatens to erode much of Africa's development progress. It jeopardizes food and water security, political and economic stability, livelihoods and landscapes.
But it also offers for political, economic leaders and population opportunities to act for the benefit of all. It can provide an opportunity to create new business models and innovations, new approaches towards sustainable development, and new ways to harness the knowledge of the past, domestically and around the world. But for the moment, Africa is facing headwinds because of the inequality that dominates the climate change issue.
Africa, the continent that contributes the least to global emissions of greenhouse gases, is nevertheless the one most affected by the negative effects of climate change and the consequences on its territories constitute a tangible threat for its peace, its security and its sustainable development.
Leadership of the Kingdom
With its experience as a model country in the fight against climate change, the Kingdom of Morocco has always wanted to share and develop this know-how in Africa, continent where its geographical anchorage argues the historical attachment and to the tradition of partnership.
COP 22 had already focused on the continent's vulnerability, giving a strong signal for adaptation and putting an accent on the lack of climate finance, through many concrete actions:
Increase in the part of finance designated for adaptation from 12.5% to 24% by 2020
Decision to make the Adaptation Fund benefit from the means mobilized under the Paris Agreement, and proposal to implement the governance mechanisms and the operating mode
Mobilization, already, of more than 80 million dollars in the adaptation fund, intended for projects related to water, agriculture, health, …
Commitment of international Financial institutions and regional development banks to increase funding for climate and adaptation (between 25% and 30%) ...
Many initiatives were launched by Morocco to address the African continent on the occasion of COP22 on several themes of the Agenda for Action, such as the "triple A", "triple S", " Water for Africa"," Blue Belt", or the" Marrakesh Global Partnership for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, etc.
From COP22 to COP24, the potential for South-South and triangular cooperation in the fight against climate change has been highlighted several times, and has generally focused on increasing climate ambition, capacity building, technology transfer development and institutional strengthening.
The Kingdoms’ commitment in terms of climate change and to Africa is also supported by a very high political level, as demonstrated by the holding of the 1st African Summit of Action for a Continental co-emergence, organized at the initiative of His Majesty the King of Morocco Mohammed VI on the sidelines of the COP22 in Marrakech, saw the creation of three Climate Commissions designated to lead a continental policy of sustainable development.
Climate Commission of Congo Basin
The main financial instrument of the Climate Commission of Congo Basin (CCCB) is the Blue Fund for the Congo Basin, which aims to collect resources to finance programs and projects in the areas of the blue economy, the green economy and the fight against climate change, including the fight against poverty.
The Kingdom is committed to accompany the implementation of the Blue Fund for the Congo Basin through the Climate Change Competence Center of Morocco (4C Maroc), in accordance with the decisions taken at the Brazzaville conference in October 2017 by Ministers of the Environment and Economy of the Economic Community of Central African States and the East African Community. 4C Maroc also coordinates the technical support of focal points and associated technical experts.
On April 29, 2018 a summit was held in Brazzaville on the climate commission and the blue fund of the Congo Basin, marked by the presence of several heads of state of the continent and having as guest of honor the King of Morocco Mohammed VI. The objective of the Brazzaville summit was to take stock of the activities of the Congo Basin Climate Commission and to mobilize international donors to operationalize the blue fund in order to allow the Heads of State to have the necessary tools to meet the expectations of private sector, populations and technical and financial partners in the preservation of the region. On 4 April 2019, in Brazzaville, launching meeting of the Blue Fund prefiguration study was held in the presence of technical and financial partners, including 4C Maroc.
For more information on the CCBS visit the website.
Democratic Republic of Congo
Climate Commission of the Sahel region
The Climate Commission of the Sahel region CCRS is one of the three Climate Commissions set up following the "declaration of the African Heads of State" at the African Summit of Action for Continental co-Emergence organized at the initiative of His Majesty the King of Morocco on the sidelines of COP22. Through this declaration, African leaders have confirmed their willingness to work collectively and in solidarity for an Africa continent resilient to climate change and shaping its destiny, through innovative approaches.
The Decision adopted at the 28th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union, held on January 30th and 31st, 2017, took note of the creation of three African commissions, including that of the Sahel Region, under the presidency of the Republic of Niger.
As part of the operationalization of the CCRS, a Climate Investment Plan for the Sahel region (PIC-RS 2018-2030) has been developed. The 6 axes of the PIC-RS are:
Restoration and rehabilitation of degraded lands
Improvement of energy efficiency and access to clean energy
Integrated management of water resources
Communication and advocacy development
Sustainable management of agricultural and pastoral systems
The main objective of the Priority Program to Catalyze Climate Investment in the Sahel (PPCI 2020-2025) is to catalyze the investments needed to significantly improve the resilience of the Sahel's populations to climate change in the context of the implementation of the Nationally Determined Contributions (CDN).
At the 1st Conference of the Climate Commission for the Sahel region, Monday, February 25, 2019 in Niamey, His Majesty Mohammed VI highlighted the importance of launching the Climate Investment Plan for the Sahel region and its priority regional program which will complement the projects "already underway" and announced the commitment of Morocco to take charge of the feasibility studies to finalize this plan.
The commission will thus be able to count on the Climate Change Competence Center of Morocco (4C Maroc), particularly in terms of capacity building for its members, specify the King Mohamed VI in a speech read by the Minister of Foreign Affairs , Mr. Nasser Bourita.
For more information on the Climate Commission for the Sahel region (CCRS) visit the website.
Small Island States Climate Commission
The Small Island States in Africa are composed of Cabo Verde, Comoros, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritius, Sao Tomé-et-Principe and Seychelles. The IPCC report highlights with certainty that current and future climate-related risk factors for small island States in the 21st century include sea-level rise, tropical and extratropical cyclones, rising air and sea surface, but also the variation of rainfall patterns, with rising sea level as the most widely recognized threat throughout the low coastal areas of the islands and atolls.
The Small Island States Climate Commission, chaired by the Republic of Seychelles, aims to implement:
The Paris Agreement
The declaration of Marrakech
The proclamation of Marrakech
The United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals and the Africa Agenda 2063
Coordinate and monitor actions and initiatives that contribute to the fight against climate change and economic development of member countries of small island states through the development of investment plans with the objective of contributing to the fight against the negative effects of climate change